The cause of too much mayhem and misery around the world now, and for the last 1,400 years, which presents a continuing danger to the lives and liberties of people in nearly every country on earth, and quite probably will become far worse in the coming decades.
1. Material cause: “that from which, present in it, a thing comes to be … e.g., the bronze and silver, and their genera, are causes of the statue and the bowl.”
2. Formal cause: “the form, i.e., the pattern … the form is the account of the essence … and the parts of the account.”
3. Final cause: “something’s end (telos)—i.e., what it is for—is its cause, as health is of walking.”
4. Efficient cause: “the source of the primary principle of change or stability,” e.g., the man who gives advice, the father (of the child). “The producer is a cause of the product, and the initiator of the change is a cause of what is changed.”
Muslims, putting Islam into practice.